In Cognitive behavioral therapy the assumption is made that it is not the situation itself that gives a person a certain negative feeling and behavior , but the but the way the situation is interpreted. Cognitive behavior therapy helps people identify their distressing thoughts and evaluate how realistic the thoughts are. Then they learn to change their distorted thinking. When they think more realistically, they feel better. The emphasis is also consistently on solving problems and initiating behavioral change.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most common forms of treatment in the Netherlands. The focus lies on the present, and the therapy is more problem-solving oriented. In addition, patients learn specific skills that they can use for the rest of their lives. These skills involve identifying distorted thinking, modifying beliefs, learning how to relate to others in different ways, and changing behaviors.